Lesson 171 - MARK 16:19 THE CORONATION OF JESUS CHRIST
So then after the Lord had spoken unto them, he was received up into heaven, and sat on the right hand of God.
BEHOLD YOUR KING Based on Hebrews 1
The Bible gives glimpses of the heavenly coronation ceremony of Jesus which occurred on the day of His resurrection.
POSSIBLE SEQUENCE OF EVENTS BETWEEN JESUS‘ DEATH AND ASCENSION:
Heaven’s coronation of Jesus
Tomb appearances to Mary Magdalene and women- Sunday morning
Private appearance to Peter Lk 24:34
Afternoon appearance to 2 men at Emmaus, where Jesus confirms the news of His coronation in Lk 24:26, Lk 24:13-35, Mk 16:12
First appearance to disciples in upper room at Jerusalem Lk 24:36-48
[Other later appearances occurred before His ascension: Jn 20:24-30, Jn 21:1-14,1 Cor 15:4-8
Ascension (forty days after passover): Jn 6:62, Jn 20:17, Mk 16:19, Lk 24:49-53, Acts 1:2-14]
I. Immediately after Jesus died on the cross
During the time after His departure from His physical body, Jesus did the following:
A. He first descended into the lower parts of the earth.
(Now that He ascended, what is it but that He also descended first into the lower parts of the earth? Eph 4:9) He went to both parts of hades(Greek)/ sheol (Hebrew)- place of the departed.
Those two parts are called:
1. Jesus first went to the hell side of hades/sheol as the finish of His payment for our sins. He entered Satan’s kingdom. (Mt 12:29, Lk 11:22) He did not go to be punished (Gal. 6:8 ...He that sows to his flesh shall of the flesh reap corruption; but he that sows to the Spirit shall of the Spirit reap life everlasting).
Peter quoted Ps 16:8,10 on the day of Pentecost in Acts 2:26-27, 31: (Jesus), being delivered by the determinate counsel and foreknowledge of God, ye have taken, and by wicked hands have crucified and slain: Whom God hath raised up, having loosed the pains of death: because it was not possible that he should be held by it. For David speaks concerning Him, I foresaw the Lord always before my face, for He is on my right hand, that I should not be moved: Therefore did my heart rejoice, and my tongue was glad; moreover also my flesh shall rest in hope: Because thou wilt not leave my soul in hell, neither wilt thou suffer thine Holy One to see corruption...
Men and brethren, let me freely speak unto you of the patriarch David, that he is both dead and buried, and his sepulchre is with us unto this day. Therefore being a prophet, and knowing that God had sworn with an oath to him, that of the fruit of his loins, according to the flesh, he would raise up Christ to sit on his throne; he (David) seeing this before spoke of the resurrection of Christ, that His soul was not left in hell, neither His flesh did see corruption. (corruption refers to His body while it was in the grave).
2. While Jesus was on the hell side of hades, He proclaimed Who He was. He also went there to proclaim the victory of redemption. 1 Peter 3:19-20 For Christ also suffered once for sins, the just for the unjust, that He might bring us to God, being put to death in the flesh but made alive by the Spirit, by Whom also He went and preached (proclaimed/made a declaration) to the spirits in prison, who formerly were disobedient, when once the Divine longsuffering waited in the days of Noah, while the ark was being prepared...
Why did Jesus do this? The devil thought he had won at the cross by killing Jesus. Little did he know that the cross was Satan’s defeat and Jesus’ victory, which Jesus went to hell to declare and demonstrate. Mt 12:29 Jesus said " If I cast out demons by the Spirit of God, surely the kingdom of God has come upon you. “Or how can one enter a strong man’s house and plunder his goods, unless he first binds the strong man? And then he will plunder his house."
Here’s another possibility: Jesus proclaimed His victory over Satan and all the realms of darkness. The verb translated "preached" (kerusso) refers to making a proclamation or announcing a triumph. In ancient times a herald would proceed generals and kings in the celebration of military victories, announcing to his people all the victories won in battle. That's what Jesus went to do--not to preach the gospel (euaggelizomai "to evangelize") but to announce His triumph over sin, death, hell, demons, and Satan. He didn't go to win souls but to proclaim victory over the enemy and, therefore, His Lordship. Then, after His coronation, even things “under the earth” would have to bow their knee to Him. (Phil 2:9-10)
A. The gates of hell could not prevail against Him.
Jesus asked His disciples: Mt 16:18 He saith unto them, But whom say ye that I am?
And Simon Peter answered and said, Thou art the Christ, the Son of the living God. And Jesus answered and said unto him, Blessed art thou, Simon Barjona: for flesh and blood have not revealed it unto thee, but my Father which is in heaven. And I say also unto thee, That thou art Peter (Gr petros: piece of rock, detached stone easily thrown or moved), and upon this rock (the confession of Who Jesus is ) (Gr petra: mass of rock Mt 7:24-25, 27:60) I will build my church; and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it. Hell wouldn’t prevail against the Church, His Body, because it couldn’t prevail against the resurrected Christ.
B. The angels of the gates of hell could not refuse Him, for He was the Victor.
Jesus stripped evil angels of their keys (authority) to control death and hell.
When Jesus spoke to the apostle John on Patmos, He referred to those keys. Rev 1:18, 18“I am He who lives, and was dead, and behold, I am alive forevermore. Amen. And I have the keys of Hades (refers to the spirit-soul) and of Death(refers to the body).
C. Jesus plundered the devil’s kingdom.
The writer of Hebrews presents this truth in Hebrews 2 explaining: "Since then the children share in flesh and blood, (Jesus) likewise also partook of the same, that through death He might render powerless (make of no effect, bring to nought) him who had the power of death, that is, the devil; and might deliver (release or rescue from, set free from, set at liberty) those who through fear of death were subject to slavery all their lives." (Heb 2:14)
He disarmed the devil's camp.
Lk 11:21-22. “When a strong man (Satan), fully armed, guards his own palace, his goods are in peace. “But when a stronger(Jesus) than he comes upon him (Satan) and overcomes him, he (Jesus) takes from him (Satan) all his armor in which he trusted, and divides his spoils. (Although this scripture deals with Jesus overcoming Satan by the casting out of demons and healing people, it has an application to what Jesus did during the time between His death and His resurrection.)
Colossians 2:15 Having disarmed principalities and powers, He made a public spectacle of them, triumphing over them in it (cross). (Eph 6:12)
Amplified: [God] disarmed the principalities and powers that were ranged against us and made a bold display and public example of them, in triumphing over them in Him and in it [the cross]. (Amplified Bible - Lockman)
GWT: [God] stripped the rulers and authorities of their power and made a public spectacle of them as He celebrated His victory in Christ.
NET: Disarming the rulers and authorities, he has made a public disgrace of them, triumphing over them by the cross.
Phillips: And then having drawn the sting of all the powers ranged against us, he exposed them, shattered, empty and defeated, in his final glorious triumphant act!
God had predicted this "disarming of rulers and authorities" in Genesis, directly declaring to the devil: "I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your seed and her seed. He (Jesus) shall bruise (overwhelm) you (Satan) on the head, and you shall bruise him on the heel." (Gen 3:15)
Jesus prophesied of Satan's "disarming" at His crucifixion declaring:
"Now judgment is upon this world (sentence is now being passed on this present evil world in darkness) now the ruler of this world shall be cast out." (Jn 12:31)
Note: Hell is still located in the lower parts of the earth and will be there until the white throne judgment. Rev 20:14
D. Next Jesus went to the paradise side of hades, where He saw the Old Testament saints and the former thief on cross who had died a little while after Jesus.
1. There were two thieves who died on crosses. Mk 15:27 Both heard Jesus say, “Father, forgive them, for they know not what they do.“ Lk 23:34 They had both heard what the crowd, chief priests, scribes, soldiers, and elders shouted to Jesus. Mt 27:39- 43, Mk 15:29-32. At some point, they may have both seen the sign “This is Jesus of Nazareth, King of the Jews.” Both were rude and, at first, cast scornful insults upon Jesus. Mt 27:44, Mk 15:32 But one changed.
Luke 23:42-43 And one of the malefactors which were hanged railed on him, saying, If thou be Christ, save thyself and us. But the other answering rebuked him, saying, Dost not thou fear God, seeing thou art in the same condemnation (going to die)? And we indeed justly; for we receive the due reward of our deeds: but this man hath done nothing amiss. And he said unto Jesus, Lord, remember me when thou comest into Thy kingdom. (asks for mercy) And Jesus said unto him, Verily I say unto thee, To day shalt thou be with Me in paradise. (2 Cor 12:4, Rev 2:7)
What happened that made that thief change his mind and attitude? On the cross, after awhile he probably faced the fact that he was going to die. He understood he would face judgment for his life of sin. At last, he feared God. He confessed his sin and the rightness of his punishment. He repented; he changed from railing against Jesus to asking Him for His mercy, humbling himself before the One he acknowledged as King.
(Lk 18:13-14) His repentance made a clean place of his heart that could then be filled with faith in the Messiah. Mt 21:32 He put his hope in Jesus and gave testimony to the other thief, who could have also repented right then, but, as far as we know, did not repent.
Jesus responds by granting mercy. (James 2:13 “Mercy rejoices (exults over) against judgment.”)
2. Jesus leaves hades and took paradise captive and, with all the saints, starts back to heaven.
Eph 4:8 “When He ascended on high, He led (formed a triumphant procession of victory) captivity captive,...” Perhaps part of the reason this was done before He ascended was that God wanted the Old Testament saints, especially those who had studied about the Messiah's glory, to be there in person for the Messiah's' coronation.
(1 Peter 1:11 Of which salvation the prophets have inquired (prayed) and searched diligently (studied), who prophesied of the grace that should come unto you: Searching what, or what manner of time the Spirit of Christ which was in them did should follow. Unto whom it was revealed, that not unto themselves, but unto us they did minister the things, which are now reported unto you... (Some examples of prophets who studied this: Abraham Jn 8:56, Heb 11:13; Isaiah in Isa. 6:1-5, and David Ps 24)
A. On His way to heaven, Jesus returned to the tomb for a moment. His Soul and Spirit were united with His now glorified Body and He was raised from the dead. (He had deliberately taken time to fold the burial facecloth, indicating there was no robbery of the grave. Jn 20:6-8) He is now Flesh and Bones, not flesh and blood. (Eph 5:30)
1 Cor. 15:20-21 But now is Christ risen from the dead, and become the firstfruits of them that slept. For since by man came death, by man (Jesus) came also the resurrection of the dead.
1 Peter 1:18-21 Forasmuch as ye know that ye were not redeemed with corruptible things, as silver and gold,...But with the precious Blood of Christ, as of a lamb without blemish and without spot: Who verily was foreordained before the foundation of the world, but was manifest in these last times for you, Who by Him do believe in God, that raised Him up from the dead, and gave Him glory
Peter speaks: Acts 10:39-43 ... God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Ghost and with power (at His baptism, for ministry) Who went about doing good, and healing all that were oppressed of the devil; for God was with Him. And we are witnesses of all things which He did both in the land of the Jews, and in Jerusalem; Whom they slew and hanged on a tree: Him God raised up the third day, and showed Him openly; Not to all the people, but unto witnesses chosen before of God, even to us, who did eat and drink with Him after He rose from the dead. And He commanded us to preach unto the people, and to testify that it is He which was ordained of God to be the Judge of quick(living) and dead. To Him give all the prophets witness, that through His Name whosoever believeth in Him shall receive remission (forgiveness) of sins. (Lk 24:25-27,44)
Paul speaks: Acts 17:31 God… now commands all men every where to repent: Because He hath appointed a day, in the which He will judge the world in righteousness by that Man Whom He hath ordained; whereof He hath given assurance unto all, in that He hath raised Him from the dead. The resurrection was God’s stamp of approval on Jesus, all that He was and all that He had done.
III. AT HEAVEN'S GATES
Jesus, as the Conqueror of death, hell, and the grave, returns home to heaven with a parade of saints behind Him.
A. His Attire I asked the Lord what Jesus was wearing when He returned to heaven and He said, "The armor of God." (See Eph 6:10-18, Rom 13:12, 2 Cor 6:7, 10:4, 1 Thess. 5:8)
B. He wears the battle scars from the cross
Jn 20:26-27 (After His resurrection and the coronation ceremony)Then He said to Thomas, “Reach your finger here, and look at My hands; and reach your hand here, and put it into My side. They were battle scars of love.
C. He is the victorious Hero of heaven- He had defeated the enemies of God.
Col 2:15 Having disarmed principalities and powers, He made a public
spectacle of them, triumphing over them...
D. He approaches the gates of heaven. The order goes out to the angels controlling heaven's gates:
Ps 24:8 Lift up your heads, O you gates! (gates don't have heads, but the angels controlling the gates do.) And be lifted up, you everlasting doors! And the King of glory shall come in. Who is this King of glory? The Lord strong and mighty, The Lord mighty in battle.
E. Jesus, the conquering Hero, enters heaven's gates with a joyful parade of saints from paradise, in sort of the grandest of tickertape parades, similar to what is described in 2 Peter 1:10-11: Wherefore the rather, brethren, give diligence to make your calling and election sure: for if ye do these things, ye shall never fall: For so an entrance shall be ministered unto you abundantly into the everlasting kingdom of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ. Jesus had regained all and more that Adam had given up. Jesus had done what Adam could have never done. What rejoicing must have occurred at His return!
IV. NEW OFFICE of High Priest (HP)
A. The resurrected Jesus changes from battle armor to the garments of glory (Lev 8:6-9, Ex 28, 39) These garments included white linen breeches as underwear (Ex 28:42, 39:28), white linen coat(ankle length tunic), belt, robe of solid blue color of which the hem was decorated with pomegranates and gold bells, an embroidered vest called an ephod, an embroidered belt, a heavy necklace-like breastplate, and a hat or bonnet called a miter. Note: no shoes; Ex 3:5, Josh 5:15
As High Priest, Jesus enters heaven's sanctuary.
Ps 24:3-5 Who may ascend into the hill of the Lord? Or who may stand in His holy place? He who has clean hands and a pure heart, who has not lifted up his soul to an idol, Nor sworn deceitfully. He shall receive blessing from the Lord...
B. God the Son was not a high priest before He came to Earth. The HP had to be a man. Heb 5:1 For every high priest taken from among men is appointed for men in things pertaining to God, that he may offer both gifts and sacrifices for sins. (This is why Melchizedek was a man, not the pre-incarnate Christ, because every priest was a man of flesh.) (FYI: Jewish tradition claims Melchizedek was Shem.)
C. The man must be called of God to be a high priest, not self-appointed.
Heb 5:4,10 And no man takes this honor to himself, but he who is called by God, just as Aaron was. So also Christ did not glorify Himself to become High Priest, but it was He who said to Him: “You are My Son, Today I have begotten You.” He became the author of eternal salvation (Heb 5:9-10) to all who obey Him, called by God as High Priest “according to the order of Melchizedek,”
1. He was anointed by the Holy Spirit for offices of Prophet and High Priest at His baptism, when John the Baptist, God's choice for high priest until then, turned over the office to Jesus. (Both of John the B's parents were descendants of the high priest Aaron- Luke 1:5)
2. Jesus makes the formal announcement of the beginning of His public ministry, something He’d been waiting for 18 years. (Lk 2:49) After His baptism, the forty days of fasting and temptations (Mt 4), and His return to the Jordan River area to gather disciples (Jn 1), Jesus goes to Nazareth, the town where He grew up, and He enters the synagogue and announces to the people what God has appointed and anointed Him to do:
Luke 4:18 7And there was delivered unto him the book of the prophet Esaias. And when he had opened the book, he found the place where it was written, (what follows is a description of the duties of a prophet and high priest)18The Spirit of the Lord is upon Me, because He has anointed Me to preach the gospel to the poor; He has sent Me to heal the brokenhearted, to preach deliverance to the captives, and recovering of sight to the blind, to set at liberty them that are bruised, 19To preach the acceptable year of the Lord. (Isa 61:1)
The woman with the issue of blood acknowledged Jesus’ priestly office when she took hold of the corner fringe of Jesus' prayer shawl to receive her healing. (Mt 9:20-21) Jewish teaching/tradition held that the corner fringe of the high priest's prayer shawl had healing power. Malachi 4:2 refers to that prayer shawl as wings of healing.
At the cross, as High Priest, Jesus offered Himself on the altar of the cross as the sacrificial Lamb of God. (Jn 1:29) He was the High Priest and the Sacrifice.
1. Alone Jesus enters the holy place of the sanctuary. (Heb 8:1-2, 9:11-12)
A. He takes off the outer garments of glory, leaving Him with the plain white garments, as if He were only a simple Servant of God. Lev 16:4 These garments represent His humility and purity. (Pr 18:12, 1 Peter 5:5-6, Pr 22:4 ) (Note: the bells and pomegranates garment, etc., was worn in the holy place, not the holy of holies.
B. He enters the holy of holies with His blood and incense. Heb 9:23-24 Therefore it was necessary that the copies of the things in the heavens (tabernacle Heb 8:5) should be purified with these (animal sacrifices), but the heavenly things themselves with better sacrifices than these (of bulls and goats).
He was the High Priest for heaven, as well as Earth. I suppose heaven’s atmosphere needed to be cleansed of the sin and rebellion of Satan and the angels who followed him.
Heaven was waiting for their High Priest to come and sprinkle the blood of the atonement on the heavenly altar. He was appointed to serve in the heavenly sanctuary, not an earthly one.
Heb 4:14 . Seeing then that we have a great high priest, that is passed into the heavens, Jesus the Son of God, let us hold fast our profession...”For Christ has not entered the holy places made with hands, which are copies of the true, but into heaven itself, now to appear in the presence of God for us; (Heb 9:24)
2. Jesus sprinkled His blood on the mercy seat- may have been 7 drops as OT hp did.
Lev 16:11-17 And Aaron (the high priest)... shall he kill the goat of the sin offering, that is for the people, and bring (its) blood within the veil, and do with that blood as he did with the blood of the bullock, (v. 14 sprinkle it with his finger upon the mercy seat eastward; and before the mercy seat shall he sprinkle of the blood with his finger seven times....) and sprinkle it upon the mercy seat, and before the mercy seat:
v. 16 And he shall make an atonement for the holy place, because of the uncleanness of the children of Israel, and because of their transgressions in all their sins: and so shall he do for the tabernacle of the congregation, ...And there shall be no man in the tabernacle of the congregation when he goes in to make an atonement in the holy place, until he come out, ...
3. Unlike the high priest who first had to sprinkle the blood to cover his own sins, (Lev. 16:11) Jesus had no sin of His own to atone for. (Ps 24:3-5)
1 Peter 2:21-23 For even hereunto were ye called: because Christ also suffered for us, leaving us an example, that ye should follow His steps: Who did no sin, neither was guile found in His mouth: Who, when He was reviled, reviled not again; when He suffered, He threatened not; but committed Himself to Him that judges righteously: (no sin in outward actions)
2 Cor 5:21 For He has made Him sin for us, Who knew no sin; that we might be made the righteousness of God in Him. (no relationship between Him and sin; no union with)
1 John 3:5 ye know that He was manifested to take away our sins; and in Him is no sin.
John 14:30 Hereafter I will not talk much with you: for the prince of this world cometh, and hath nothing in Me. (No darkness in Jesus)
Isa 53:8-9 for He was cut off out of the land of the living: for the transgression of my people was He stricken. And He made His grave with the wicked, and with the rich in His death; because He had done no violence, neither was any deceit in His mouth. (1 Peter 2:22-23)
1 Peter 1:18-19 You were redeemed with…the precious blood of Christ, as of a lamb without blemish and without spot; (no sin from the inside and not soiled from the outside)
4. Jesus' sacrifice was sufficient. ( Note: In mathematics, the term “sufficient” means “more than enough.“)
(Heb 10:10-15 By the which will we are sanctified through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all. And every priest stands daily ministering and offering oftentimes the same sacrifices, which can never take away sins(OT sacrifices of animals covered sins for a year): But this Man, after He had offered one sacrifice for sins for ever, sat down on the right hand of God;
... For by one offering He has perfected forever them that are sanctified. Whereof the Holy Ghost also is a witness to us...
Heb 9:11-12 But Christ being come an high priest of good things to come, by a greater and more perfect tabernacle, not made with hands, that is to say, not of this building; Neither by the blood of goats and calves, but by His own blood He entered in once into the holy place, having obtained eternal redemption for us.
5. After the blood had been applied, and the atonement made once for all, Jesus moves back into the holy place and puts on the garments of glory again, one piece of which has bells and pomegranates on it, thought to represent the Word of God (to be proclaimed) and the fruit of the Holy Spirit.(Gal. 5:22-23, Jn 15) The bells rang as He put the garments on. (Ex 28:35) All the host of heaven were listening for that sound. They rejoiced to hear it! The everlasting atonement had been made!
Ps 89:15-18 Blessed are the people who know the joyful sound! They walk, O Lord, in the light of Your countenance. In Your name they rejoice all day long,...
6. Jesus then approaches the high throne of God and stands before His Father.
Jesus is filled with joy to be in His Father’s Presence. Acts 2:28, 25-31
V. THE CORONATION CEREMONY
A. The Father first declares His relationship to This Man Jesus. Heb 1:5: “You are My Son; today have I begotten You.”
1. It had been prophesied God would have a Son. (Isa 9:6 Unto to us a Child is born, unto us a Son is given.)) Prov 30:4, Ps 2:12
a. God said of the Davidic Heir, Jesus the Messiah... Ps 89:27.Also I will make him My firstborn, The highest of the kings of the earth.28My mercy I will keep for him forever, And My covenant shall stand firm with him.29His seed (that's us) also I will make to endure forever, And his throne as the days of heaven... (Godly Seed: Heb 2:13, Isa 53:10, 1 Jn 3:9)
b. 2 Sam. 7:12-14...Samuel to King David about his son Solomon and the coming Messiah :
“When your days are fulfilled and you rest with your fathers, I will set up your seed after you, who will come from your body, and I will establish his kingdom. 13“He shall build a house for My name (Heb 3:1-6), and I will establish the throne of his kingdom forever. 14“I will be his Father, and he shall be My son.
c. This new relationship after Jesus’ resurrection was prophesied in Ps 2:7 (hundreds of years before it actually happened) by the psalmist who quotes the actual Words of the Father to the resurrected Man Jesus: “I will declare the decree: The Lord has said to Me, ‘You are My Son, Today I have begotten You,"
(The Father first speaks directly to Jesus. This is protocol, seen at Jesus' baptism Mk 1:11 and Mt 3:17, when God speaks first to Jesus, then John the Baptist.)
To the host of heaven, the Father proclaims Jesus the Man as the only begotten Son of God.
Rom 1:3-4, according to the flesh, 4and declared the Son of God with power according to the Spirit of holiness, by the resurrection from the dead.
John 1:14 And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us, (and we beheld his glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father,) full of grace and truth... (Anytime the phrase “only begotten” is used, it speaks of the resurrected Christ. Jn 1:18,3:16, 18)
2. Being the first to be resurrected from among the dead, Jesus has new designations.
a. Jesus is the firstborn of every creature:
Col 1:15 . 15He is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn over all creation.
Rev 3:14 And to the angel of the church of the Laodiceans write, ‘These things says the Amen, the Faithful and True Witness, the Beginning of the creation of God
Col 1:18...And He is the head of the body, the church, Who is the beginning, the firstborn from the dead, that in all things He may have the preeminence.
b. The resurrected Jesus is the first fruits of new creation
1 Cor 15:22-23 For as in Adam all die, even so in Christ all shall be made alive. 23But each one in his own order: Christ the firstfruits, afterward those who are Christ’s at His coming.
c. The resurrected Jesus is the 1st of new race, new creation.
1 Cor 15:45,47 45And so it is written, The first man Adam was made a living soul; the last Adam was made a quickening spirit. (Jesus was the last Adam, meaning He was the last Man Who ever had to die for sin. No one since Jesus has ever had to die to pay the penalty for sin. Men may have chosen to die in their sins, but they didn't have to. Jesus paid it all and for all.)
47The first man is of the earth, earthy: the second man is the Lord from heaven.
The first man was Adam. He was the first of the human race. The second Man is Jesus. He is the first of a new creation, with a new race of people, who will dwell in righteousness forever. (2 Peter 3:13)
2Cor 5:17 17Therefore if any man be in Christ, he is a new creation: old things are passed away; behold, all things are become new. 18And all things are of God,...
d. No angel has ever been called "only begotten Son." Heb 1:5 . For unto which of the angels said he at any time, Thou art my Son, this day have I begotten thee? They have been called sons of God, (Job 1:6, 2:1,38:6), but not "only begotten Son."
VI. The coronation ceremony continues
A. After announcing the relationship between Himself and Jesus, the Father addresses the host of heaven and calls for the angels to worship this Man, His only begotten Son, Jesus.
1. Heb 1:6 6But when He again brings the firstborn into the world (at His resurrection), God says: “Let all the angels of God worship Him.” ...and they did. You know they had a BIG worship service right then.
2. Jesus is anointed King of heaven and earth.
Ps 45:7 Therefore God, Your God, (Jn 20:17) has anointed You with the oil of gladness more than Your companions. (also Heb 1:8-9) Also Ex 30:22- 25, 1 Sam. 10:1,15:1, 16:11-13,Ps 2:2)
B. At some point in the ceremony, Jesus is adorned with a glorious court robe with long train, more spectacular than the ermine-edged robe Queen Elizabeth of Great Britain wears for special functions.
Isa 6:1 In the year that King Uzziah died, I saw the Lord... and the train of His robe filled the temple. (The prophet Isaiah actually saw a vision of the coronation ceremony of Jesus Christ.)
C. Jesus the resurrected Man is given the title "God".
Heb 1:8 But unto the Son he saith, Thy throne, O God, is for ever and ever:
Phil 2:8-11... Christ Jesus: ...Who, being in the form of God, (John 1:1 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.) thought it not robbery (did not consider the title and authority, "God," something to be grasped and not let go) to be equal with God:
But made Himself of no reputation. The Word was not afraid to trust His Father, to put down His powers and titles, and come to Earth to become a man) and took upon Him the form of a servant, and was made in the likeness of men:
And being found in fashion as a man, He humbled Himself, and became obedient unto death, even the death of the cross. Wherefore God also hath highly exalted Him, and given Him a name which is above every name (God): That at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of things in heaven, and things in earth, and things under the earth; And that every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father.
David had heard what Father would say to Son and to all the host of heaven, because he prophesied: Ps 45:6 Your throne, O God, is forever and ever; You love righteousness and hate wickedness; ...
D. Jesus is given a crown of pure gold.
Ps 21:1-13,The king shall have joy in Your strength, O Lord;
And in Your salvation how greatly shall he rejoice! You have given him his heart’s desire, And have not withheld the request of his lips. Selah
For You meet him with the blessings of goodness; You set a crown of pure gold upon his head. He asked life from You, and You gave it to him-Length of days forever and ever.(resurrection) His glory is great in Your salvation; Honor and majesty You have placed upon him. For You have made him most blessed forever; You have made him exceedingly glad with Your presence.
E. Jesus is given sceptre as symbol of rulership.
Heb1:8 But unto the Son he saith, Thy throne, O God, is for ever and ever: a sceptre of righteousness is the sceptre of Thy kingdom.
F. Jesus is given authority and power as King. He is the CEO of heaven and earth.
Ps 2:6-7 Yet have I set My king upon my holy hill of Zion. (Rulership)
Ps2:2 His Anointed.
Ps. 2:12 identifies the King as the Son: "Kiss the Son lest He be angry and you perish from the way...Blessed are all they that put their trust in Him."
(Later, back on Earth, Jesus announces His new position and authority to His disciples. Matt 28:19 Then the eleven disciples went away into Galilee, into a mountain where Jesus had appointed them. And when they saw him, they worshipped him: but some doubted. And Jesus came and spoke unto them, saying, All power is given unto me in heaven and in earth. )
G. In the coronation ceremony, additional remarks are made by the Father to His Son.
Ps 102:25-27 Of old hast thou laid the foundation of the earth: and the heavens are the work of thy hands (Creator). They shall perish, but Thou shall endure (eternal): yea, all of them shall wax old like a garment; as a vesture shall Thou change them, and they shall be changed (He is in charge): But Thou art the same, and Thy years shall have no end. When the present creation wears out like an old garment, and is exchanged for a new one, the Son will remain as God, changeless and eternal.
H. Rewards of earth and nations for what He did.
Ps 2 :8 Ask of Me, and I will give You The nations (people) for Your inheritance, And the ends of the earth for Your possession. (part of the original covenant promises made between the Father and Son.)
He did ask and He received the nations for His inheritance. Jesus also qualified to inherit the earth. Mt 5:5 The meek shall inherit the earth. (Mt 11:29)
I. The Father invites Jesus to occupy a position of extraordinary honor ..."Sit here..."
Jesus shows no presumption. He waits to be asked. (Lk 14:10-11) No man or angel or spirit had ever sat down in the presence of God before this time. That's why there were no chairs in the tabernacle; priests never sat in the presence of God, signifying the reverence to be demonstrated in the Presence of God, that their atoning work on earth was never completed, and that they were not to be at rest in the work of God. The angel Gabriel described himself as one who stood in the presence of God (Lk 1:19).
J. In response to the invitation of His Father, Jesus, wearing His crown and coronation robe with its long train, moves to the throne and sits down. Ps 16:11
“…in Thy Presence is fullness of joy; at Thy right hand are pleasures forevermore.”
This Isaiah saw and recorded in Isa 6; In the year that King Uzziah died, I saw the Lord (Jesus) sitting on a throne, high and lifted up, and the train of His robe filled the temple. Above it stood seraphim; each one had six wings: with two he covered his face, with two he covered his feet, and with two he flew. And one cried to another and said: “Holy, holy, holy is the Lord of hosts; The whole earth is full of His glory!”And the posts of the door were shaken by the voice of him who cried out, and the house was filled with smoke. So I said: “Woe is me, for I am undone! Because I am a man of unclean lips, And I dwell in the midst of a people of unclean lips; For my eyes have seen the King, The Lord of hosts.”
The proof that Isaiah actually saw a vision of the coronation ceremony of Jesus was confirmed by Jesus Himself in Jn 12:41: But although He had done so many signs before them, they did not believe in Him, that the word of Isaiah the prophet might be fulfilled, which he spoke: (Isa 53:1) “Lord, who has believed our report? And to whom has the arm of the Lord been revealed?” Therefore they could not believe, because Isaiah said again: (Isa 6:9-10) (because they closed their eyes to the truth Mt 13:14-15) “He has blinded their eyes and hardened their hearts, Lest they should see with their eyes, Lest they should understand with their hearts and turn, So that I should heal them. ”These things Isaiah said when he saw His glory and spoke of Him.
Isaiah wasn't only one to speak of Jesus' glory. Other prophets also saw His glory.
1 P 1:10-11 Of this salvation the prophets have inquired and searched carefully, who prophesied of the grace that would come to you, searching what, or what manner of time, the Spirit of Christ who was in them was indicating when He testified beforehand the sufferings of Christ and the glories that would follow. (See also Luke 24:25-27,44, Ps 71:20, Rom 1:2, Jn 1:45, Lk 1:70, Jn 5:39, 12:41)
Heb 1:1-4 God, Who at various times and in various ways spoke in time past to the fathers by the prophets, has in these last days spoken to us by His Son, whom He has appointed heir of all things, through whom also He made the worlds; Who being the brightness of His glory and the express image of His person, and upholding all things by the word of His power, when He had by Himself purged our sins, sat down at the right hand of the Majesty on high, having become so much better than the angels, as He has by inheritance obtained a more excellent name than they.
K. Heaven rejoices with more worship.
Ps 47:5-9 God has gone up with a shout, The Lord with the sound of a trumpet. Sing praises to God, sing praises! Sing praises to our King, sing praises! For God is the King of all the earth; Sing praises with understanding. God reigns over the nations;...
L. Other gifts from the Father to the Son.
1. Jesus asks for and receives the gift of Holy Spirit to be given to His followers. Jn 14:16,17 26, 15:26, Acts 2:33, 8:20
2. The Father makes a promise to Jesus that His enemies (those who oppose Him) will be defeated completely. Heb 1:13 Sit at my right hand, until I make Thine enemies Thy footstool...
The Holy Spirit had revealed this to David hundreds of years before Jesus was born on Earth. Psalm 110:1 The Lord said to my Lord, “Sit at My right hand, Till I make Your enemies Your footstool.” (When you're an enemy of the Son, you're an enemy of His Father. Jn 5:23)
This terminology about "enemies being your footstool" was used in the OT to indicate the total defeat of the opposition. Josh 10:24-26 And it came to pass, when they brought out those kings unto Joshua, that Joshua called for all the men of Israel, and said unto the captains of the men of war which went with him, Come near, put your feet upon the necks of these kings. And they came near, and put their feet upon the necks of them. And Joshua said unto them, Fear not, nor be dismayed, be strong and of good courage: for thus shall the LORD do to all your enemies against whom ye fight. And afterward Joshua ... slew them...
M. Jesus is honored and exalted far above all.
Ps 45:2 Thou art fairer than the children of men: grace is poured into Thy lips: therefore God hath blessed Thee for ever.
Ps 10:16 The LORD is King for ever and ever:
Ps 84:3-4, 10-12 O LORD of hosts, my King, and my God. Blessed are they that dwell in Thy house: they will be still praising Thee. Selah
For a day in Thy courts is better than a thousand. I had rather be a doorkeeper in the house of my God, than to dwell in the tents of wickedness. For the LORD God is a sun and shield: the LORD will give grace and glory: no good thing will He withhold from them that walk uprightly. O LORD of hosts, blessed is the man that trusts in Thee.
2 Tim 4:18 the Lord shall deliver me from every evil work, and will preserve me unto His heavenly kingdom: to Whom be glory for ever and ever. Amen.
Heb 2:7-8 You have crowned Him with glory and honor, And set Him over the works of Your hands. You have put all things in subjection under His feet. For in that He (Father God) put all in subjection under Him (Jesus), He left nothing that is not put under Him… But we see Jesus, Who was made a little lower than the angels, for the suffering of death, crowned with glory and honor,
Col 1:13-20 ...thanks unto the Father, which hath made us meet to be partakers of the inheritance of the saints in light: Who hath delivered us from the power of darkness, and hath translated us into the kingdom of His dear Son: In Whom we have redemption through His blood, even the forgiveness of sins: Who is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn of every creature: For by Him were all things created, that are in heaven, and that are in earth, visible and invisible, whether they be thrones, or dominions, or principalities, or powers: all things were created by Him, and for Him: And He is before all things, and by Him all things consist. And He is the head of the body, the church: who is the beginning, the firstborn from the dead; that in all things He might have the preeminence. For it pleased the Father that in Him should all fulness dwell; And, having made peace through the blood of His cross, by Him to reconcile all things unto Himself; by Him, I say, whether they be things in earth, or things in heaven.
Eph 1:20 when He raised Him from the dead, and set Him at his own right hand in the heavenly places, Far above all principality, and power, and might, and dominion, and every name that is named, not only in this world, but also in that which is to come: And hath put all things under His feet
Phil 2:8-9 Therefore God also has highly exalted Him and given Him the name which is above every name, (God) that at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of those in heaven, and of those on earth, and of those under the earth, and that every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father.
Ps 47:1-2,6 O clap your hands, all ye people; shout unto God with the voice of triumph. For the LORD most high is terrible; he is a great King over all the earth... Sing praises to God, sing praises: sing praises unto our King, sing praises. For God is the King of all the earth: sing ye praises with understanding. God reigneth over the heathen: God sitteth upon the throne of his holiness.
Jer 10:10... the LORD is the true God, He is the living God, and an everlasting king: at His wrath the earth shall tremble, and the nations shall not be able to abide His indignation.
Rev 15:3-4 they sing…the song of the Lamb, saying, Great and marvelous are Thy works, Lord God Almighty; just and true are Thy ways, Thou King of saints. Who shall not fear Thee, O Lord, and glorify Thy name? for Thou only art holy: for all nations shall come and worship before Thee; for Thy judgments are made manifest.
1 Tim 6:15 ... our Lord Jesus Christ: Which in his times he shall show, who is the blessed and only Potentate, the King of kings(earth), and Lord of lords(spirits); Who only hath immortality, dwelling in the light which no man can approach unto; (but He can and does temper His glory when He appears, so that we are not overwhelmed or scared to death by the Light) whom no man hath seen, nor can see: to whom be honor and power everlasting. Amen.
1 Tim 1:17 Now unto the King eternal, immortal, invisible, the only wise God, be honor and glory for ever and ever. Amen.
Don’t miss the point of this lesson: Jesus is now King. See Him on the throne. Bow before Him in your worship, obey His commands. He is King, yet He is to be your Beloved. You can seek His help and mercy, because His is a throne of grace and He is without equal in His power and His love for you. (Heb 4:16)
Let everything we think and say and do be worthy of Jesus, King of heaven and earth.
Other verses about His Kingship: Ps 5:2, 89:18, 98:1-6, 145:1-2, 149:2-3, Jer 23:5, Zech 9:9, 14:16-17, Mt 21:5, Jn 1:49, Mt 2:2, Acts 17:7, Rev 17:14,19:
N. After His Coronation
Read Psalm 21
O. Jesus is now waiting for the promise of His Father about His Bride, and about His enemies being made His footstool, to be fulfilled. (Heb 10:12-13)
Jesus the King is positionally on the throne at the right hand of the Father; He is Intercessor at the golden altar (Heb 7:24-26, Ps 20:9); He visits His people (Acts 26:15-16, 22:17-21,Gal. 1:12, 2 Tim. 4:14-17,1 Cor 9:1); He makes assignments to angels (Rev 1:1, 9:1 with 1:18, Ps 103:20); He will soon get dressed for His second coming (Isa.59:17-18)
About His Bride:
Heb 12:2, Isa 53:10, Ps 45:9-11,13-15, Rev 19:7-9
About His enemies: John 5:22-23, 15:18, 21,23-24, 1 Cor 15:24-26, James 4:4, Ps 41:5, 110:1-7, 139:19-20, Lk 19:27, Phil.3:18
Possible timeline from cross to resurrection day:
There are two aspects of the word “day.” It can represent an interval of 24 hours. (Gen 1:5) It can also represent 12 hours, as in Gen 1:5, “evening” and “morning,” as daylight and dark, or day and night.
Secondly, any small element of time, even one minute, could be counted as the whole of the day, according to Jewish timekeeping. This is one possible scenario as to the time from the death of Jesus until His resurrection.
Daylight -1 3 pm to 6 pm-- death; burial
Night-1 6 pm to 6 am
Daylight-2 6 am to 6 pm
Night-2 6 pm to 6 am
Daylight-3 6 am to 6 pm
Night-3 6 pm to ?
At some time, 6:01 pm or later, Jesus was raised from the dead, Body united with Spirit- Soul. Resurrection could occur anytime after 6 pm Saturday evening.
Jesus was resurrected “in the third day”. Mt 16:21,17:23, 20:19, 27:64. At the same time, He was three days and three nights in the heart of the earth. Mt 12:40
Sunday --the day we celebrate the discovery of the empty tomb by the women, and, therefore, His resurrection.