Leson 172 - MARK 16:20
And they went forth, and preached everywhere, the Lord working with them, and confirming the word with signs following. Amen.
"And they went forth"
In response to the Lord Jesus' command, the disciples waited in Jerusalem until they received the anointing of the Holy Spirit at Pentecost, (they already had the indwelling Spirit in them John 20:22). Luke 24:49 Behold, I send the Promise of My Father upon you; but tarry in the city of Jerusalem until you are endued with power from on high.” Clearly, this second Holy Spirit experience was to give them a power from heaven. The first experience, receiving the indwelling Holy Spirit, which Jesus had foretold (John 14:16), had taken place in the upper room on that first Sunday after the death of Jesus, His resurrection day (Jn 20:22). The second experience, their baptism with the Holy Spirit for power in ministry would be done by Jesus from heaven on the day of Pentecost, 10 days after Jesus ascended to heaven. This was the promise given to His disciples in Acts 1:4,5,8.
"and preached everywhere"
These are some of the things they would have preached, having been taught by Him after the resurrection. (Lk 24:25-27, 32,44-45, Rom 3:21-22, 1:1-2, Jn 1:45, Lk 1:70, Jn 5:39,12:41, Ps 71:20)
OLD TESTAMENT PROPHECIES OF THE MESSIAH, THE CHRIST OF GOD, THE SON OF GOD
A. Evidence in Old Testament of God having a Son:
Ps 2:2-7 The kings of the earth set themselves, and the rulers take counsel together, against the LORD, and against his anointed, saying, Let us break their bands asunder, and cast away their cords from us. He that sits in the heavens shall laugh: the Lord shall have them in derision. Then shall he speak unto them in his wrath, and vex them in his sore displeasure.
(Father speaks) Yet have I set my king upon my holy hill of Zion.
(The Son speaks) I will declare the decree: the LORD hath said unto Me, Thou art my Son; this day have I begotten Thee.
Ps 2:12 Kiss the Son, lest He be angry, and you perish in the way, when His wrath is kindled but a little. Blessed are all those who put their trust in Him.
Prov 30:4 Who hath ascended up into heaven, or descended? Who hath gathered the wind in his fists? Who has bound the waters in a garment? Who has established all the ends of the earth? What is His name and what is His son’s name, if you can tell?
Isa 9:6-7 For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counselor, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace. Of the increase of his government and peace there shall be no end, upon the throne of David, and upon his kingdom, to order it, and to establish it with judgment and with justice from henceforth even for ever. The zeal of the LORD of hosts will perform this.
B. Jesus is directly acknowledged as Messiah (Greek word: Christ) in New Testament:
John 1:40-42, 4:25-26, Matt. 16:18, John 20:28, 31, Acts 2:36, 8:27-39, 9:5, 20, 22, 10:36-43, etc
The Old Testament, written over a 1,000 year period, contains over 300 references to the coming Messiah. All of these were fulfilled in Jesus Christ, and they established a solid confirmation of His credentials as the Messiah, the Christ ( Anointed One), King, High Priest, Prophet of God.
Many of the prophecies concerning the Messiah were totally beyond human control or manipulation, such as His birth: the place, time, manner of and details of His death; and His resurrection.
By using mathematics to figure the probability of just eight of the 300+ prophecies, the chance that any man might have lived to fulfill all eight prophecies is one in one hundred trillion (1 X 1014 )! The chance of any one man fulfilling 48 of the 300 prophecies is one in 10 to the 157 power. The electron is about as small an object as we can imagine. If we had a cubic inch of these electrons and tried to count them, it would take us (at 250 per minute) 19,000 times 19,000, and then that number times 19,000 years to count them. Now mark one of them, and thoroughly stir it into the whole mass. What chance would a blindfolded man have of finding the right electron? --- The same chance as one man of fulfilling 48 of the prophecies about Christ, without being the Son of God! Jesus Christ fulfilled every prophecy written about the first coming of the Messiah --- over three hundred of them! Would that have been possible had He not been the Son of God? Jesus is the TRUE Messiah of Israel and of all mankind.
Here are a few of the many Old Testament prophecies of Y'SHUAH (Jesus) as Israel's Messiah and how they were fulfilled:
1. The Messiah would be preceded by a messenger.
Prophecy: Old Testament: Isaiah 40:3: (Written: between 701-681 BC)
The voice of one crying in the wilderness: “Prepare the way of the Lord; make straight in the desert a highway for our God. Every valley shall be exalted and every mountain and hill brought low; the crooked places shall be made straight and the rough places smooth; the glory of the Lord shall be revealed, and all flesh shall see it together; for the mouth of the Lord has spoken.”
Fulfilled: About 27 AD: In Isaiah 40:3, the prophet writes about a person in the desert who prepares the way for the Lord. Matthew 3:1-2: "In those days John the Baptist came, preaching in the desert of Judea, and saying, Repent, for the kingdom of heaven is near." The passage in Isaiah foreshadowed the life of John the Baptist, who played an important role in preparing the groundwork for the ministry of Jesus Christ. John the Baptist said, "I am the voice of one crying in the wilderness, Make straight in the way of the Lord, as said the prophet Isaiah." (John 1:23) "He came into all the country around Jordan (River), preaching the baptism of repentance for the remission (forgiveness) of sins."( Lk 3:3-6) Jesus Himself confirmed this about John in Matthew 11:10, 17:10-13.
2. God promised a greater prophet than Moses, and a King, the anointed of God.
Prophecy: Old Testament: Deuteronomy 18:15-19 (Written: 1400 BC)
“The Lord your God will raise up for you a prophet like me (Moses) from among your own brothers. You must listen to him. … The Lord said to me … "I will raise up for them a prophet like you from among their brothers; I will put My words in his mouth, and he will tell them everything I command him." And it shall come to pass, that whosoever will not hearken unto My words which He shall speak in My name, I will require it of him."
Promised and revealed by God to Moses at Mt Sinai, this coming Prophet would be the Spokesman of the Lord, faithful to give the message God commanded, and with God's name as His authority.
Fulfilled: about 5 BC to 30 AD:
In Deuteronomy 18:15-18, Moses told the Jews that God would raise up another prophet like Moses. After Moses, there was a succession of prophets, including Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel, and finally Jesus Christ. Jesus was very much like Moses: both were delivered from death as infants. Both were prophets. Both performed miracles. Both were leaders, and both were intermediaries between God and man. No other prophet is as much like Moses as Jesus. Moses led the Jews out of the bonds of slavery in Egypt into the Promised Land of Israel. Moses died shortly before the Jews entered Israel. Jesus leads people - anyone who accepts Jesus as their Lord and Savior - out of the bondage of sin and into the Promised Land of spiritual rest and victorious living. Moses offered to die, if necessary, if God would forgive the sins of his people. (see Exodus 32:30-33). Jesus did die for our sins, so that we could enter the Kingdom of Heaven.
John 6:14 Those which had seen the miracle (feeding of 5000+) that Jesus did, said, 'This is of a truth that Prophet that should come into the world.' The people wanted to make Him king. (v 15)
John 7:40 Many of the people therefore, when they heard this saying (vs 37-38, "scripture" possibly refers to Joel 2:28), said, ' Of a truth this is the Prophet.'
John 4:25-26: The woman said to Him, “I know that Messiah is coming” (who is called Christ). “When He comes, He will tell us all things.” Jesus said to her, “I who speak to you am He.”
John 5:45-47 :I have come in My Father's name, and you do not receive Me; if another comes in his own name, him you will receive. How can you believe, who receive honor from one another, and do not seek the honor that comes from the only God? Do not think that I shall accuse you to the Father; there is one who accuses you, Moses, in whom you trust. For if you believed Moses, you would believe Me; for he wrote about Me. But if you do not believe his writings, how will you believe My words?"
Acts 3:20-24, 26 ... Jesus Christ, who was preached to you before, whom heaven must receive until the times of restoration of all things, which God has spoken by the mouth of all His holy prophets since the world began. For Moses truly said to the fathers, ‘The Lord your God will raise up for you a Prophet like me from your brethren. Him you shall hear in all things, whatever He says to you. And it shall be that every soul who will not hear that Prophet shall be utterly destroyed from among the people.’
Yes, and all the prophets, from Samuel and those who follow, as many as have spoken, have also foretold these days... To you first, God, having raised up His Servant Jesus, sent Him to bless you, in turning away every one of you from your iniquities.”
B. Messiah is King
Prophecy: 1 Samuel 2:10
The adversaries of the LORD shall be broken to pieces; out of heaven shall he thunder upon them: the LORD shall judge the ends of the earth; and he shall give strength unto his king, and exalt the horn of his anointed.
Numbers 24:7 his king shall be higher than Agag, and his kingdom shall be exalted.
God brought him forth out of Egypt; he hath as it were the strength of an unicorn: he shall eat up the nations his enemies, and shall break their bones, and pierce them through with his arrows.
Psalm 2:6-9 (Father): have I set my king upon my holy hill of Zion.
(Word of God): I will declare the decree: the LORD hath said unto Me, Thou art My Son; this day have I begotten Thee.
(Father) Ask of Me, and I shall give Thee the heathen for Thine inheritance, and the uttermost parts of the earth for Thy possession. (Partial reward for His Son’s obedience) Thou shalt break them with a rod of iron; Thou shall dash them in pieces like a potter’s vessel. (Jesus’ 2nd coming)
Psalm 45 I recite my composition concerning the King; My tongue is the pen of a ready writer. You are fairer than the sons of men; Grace is poured upon Your lips; Therefore God has blessed You forever.
Gird Your sword upon Your thigh, O Mighty One, With Your glory and Your majesty. And in Your majesty ride prosperously because of truth, humility, and righteousness; And Your right hand shall teach You awesome things. Your arrows are sharp in the heart of the King’s enemies; The peoples fall under You.
Your throne, O God, is forever and ever; A scepter of righteousness is the scepter of Your kingdom. You love righteousness and hate wickedness; Therefore God, Your God, has anointed You With the oil of gladness more than Your companions. All Your garments are scented with myrrh and aloes and cassia, Out of the ivory palaces, by which they have made You glad. (Hebrews 1)
Kings’ daughters are among Your honorable women; At Your right hand stands the queen in gold from Ophir. Listen, O daughter, Consider and incline your ear; Forget your own people also, and your father’s house; So the King will greatly desire your beauty; Because He is your Lord, worship Him. And the daughter of Tyre will come with a gift; The rich among the people will seek your favor. The royal daughter is all glorious within the palace; Her clothing is woven with gold. She shall be brought to the King in robes of many colors; The virgins, her companions who follow her, shall be brought to You. With gladness and rejoicing they shall be brought; They shall enter the King’s palace.
Instead of Your fathers shall be Your sons, Whom You shall make princes in all the earth. I will make Your name to be remembered in all generations; Therefore the people shall praise You forever and ever.
a. God said of the Davidic Heir, Jesus the Messiah... Ps 89:27 .Also I will make him My firstborn, The highest of the kings of the earth. My mercy I will keep for him forever, And My covenant shall stand firm with him. His seed (that's us) also I will make to endure forever, And his throne as the days of heaven...
b. 2 Sam. 7:12-14...Samuel to King David about his son Solomon and the coming Messiah :“When your days are fulfilled and you rest with your fathers, I will set up your seed after you, who will come from your body, and I will establish his kingdom. “He shall build a house for My name (Heb 3:3,6), and I will establish the throne of his kingdom forever. “I will be his Father, and he shall be My son.
David had heard what Father would say to Son and to all the host of heaven, because he prophesied: Ps 45:6 Your throne, O God, is forever and ever; You love righteousness and hate wickedness; ...
The Messiah is anointed as King and is given a crown of pure gold. Therefore God, Your God, has anointed You With the oil of gladness more than Your companions. Ps 45:7 (This happened to Jesus in heaven on His resurrection day Heb 1:8-9)
Ps 21:1-13, The king shall have joy in Your strength, O Lord; And in Your salvation how greatly shall he rejoice! You have given him his heart’s desire, And have not withheld the request of his lips. Selah
For You meet him with the blessings of goodness; You set a crown of pure gold upon his head. He asked life from You, and You gave it to him-Length of days forever and ever. His glory is great in Your salvation; Honor and majesty You have placed upon him. For You have made him most blessed forever; You have made him exceedingly glad with Your presence.
Daniel 7:13-14 I was watching in the night visions, And behold, One like the Son of Man, Coming with the clouds of heaven! He came to the Ancient of Days, And they brought Him near before Him. Then to Him was given dominion and glory and a kingdom, that all peoples, nations, and languages should serve Him. His dominion is an everlasting dominion, which shall not pass away, and His kingdom the one which shall not be destroyed.
Fulfilled partially as of this time; will be fulfilled in years to come:
Angel's announcement to Mary Lk 1:30-33:
And the angel said unto her, Fear not, Mary: for thou hast found favor with God. And, behold, thou shall conceive in thy womb, and bring forth a son, and shall call his name JESUS. He shall be great, and shall be called the Son of the Highest: and the Lord God shall give unto him the throne of his father David: And he shall reign over the house of Jacob for ever; and of his kingdom there shall be no end.
Matt 2:2 The magi come to King Herod, asking 'Where is He that is born King of the Jews?'
Pilate's proclamation of Jesus: This is Jesus of Nazareth, the King of the Jews. (compilation of all 4 gospels)
Matt 20:20-21 Then the mother of Zebedee’s sons came to Him with her sons, kneeling down and asking something from Him. And He said to her, “What do you wish?” She said to Him, “Grant that these two sons of mine may sit, one on Your right hand and the other on the left, in Your kingdom.”
John 5:22-23 For the Father judges no one, but has committed all judgment to the Son, that all should honor the Son just as they honor the Father. He who does not honor the Son does not honor the Father Who sent Him.
John 17:2 Father, the hour has come. Glorify Your Son, that Your Son also may glorify You, as You have given Him authority over all flesh, that He should give eternal life to as many as You have given Him.
Luke 19:38 when he was come nigh, even now at the descent of the mount of Olives, the whole multitude of the disciples began to rejoice and praise God with a loud voice for all the mighty works that they had seen; saying, Blessed be the King that cometh in the name of the Lord: peace in heaven, and glory in the highest.
Fulfilled in heaven: Heb 1:8 But unto the Son he says, Thy throne, O God, is for ever and ever:
Phil 2:8-11... Christ Jesus: ...Who, being in the form of God, (John 1:1 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.) thought it not robbery (did not consider the title and authority, "God," something to be grasped and not let go) to be equal with God: But made Himself of no reputation. The Word was not afraid to trust His Father, to put down His powers and titles, and come to Earth to become a man) and took upon Him the form of a servant, and was made in the likeness of men: And being found in fashion as a man, He humbled Himself, and became obedient unto death, even the death of the cross. Wherefore God also hath highly exalted Him, and given Him a name which is above every name (God): That at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of things in heaven, and things in earth, and things under the earth; And that every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father.
To be fulfilled soon on the Earth:
1 Tim. 6:14-15 keep this commandment without spot, blameless until our Lord Jesus Christ’s appearing, which He will manifest in His own time, He who is the blessed and only Potentate, the King of kings and Lord of lords,
Rev 15:3 ...the song of the Lamb, saying, Great and marvelous are thy works, Lord God Almighty; just and true are thy ways, thou King of saints.
Rev 19:11-15 Now I saw heaven opened, and behold, a white horse. And He who sat on him was called Faithful and True, and in righteousness He judges and makes war. His eyes were like a flame of fire, and on His head were many crowns. He had a name written that no one knew except Himself. He was clothed with a robe dipped in blood, and His name is called The Word of God. And the armies in heaven, clothed in fine linen, white and clean, followed Him on white horses.
Now out of His mouth goes a sharp sword, that with it He should strike the nations. And He Himself will rule them with a rod of iron. He Himself treads the winepress of the fierceness and wrath of Almighty God. And He has on His robe and on His thigh a name written: KING OF KINGS AND LORD OF LORDS.
Lesson 173 - Part 2 3-7
3. Isaiah foreshadowed the virgin birth of Jesus.
Prophecy: Old Testament: Isaiah 7:14: (Written: between 701-681 BC)
“Therefore the Lord himself will give you a sign: The virgin* will be with child and will give birth to a son, and will call him Immanuel."
* Please note: In the original Hebrew and Greek of Isaiah 7:14, the word "almah" is used and means "young woman." However, the Bible never uses the word to refer specifically to a married woman. The Bible also makes it clear that unmarried women are to be virgins. Thus, “almah” is translated correctly as “virgin” in this verse.
Fulfilled: 5 BC: In Isaiah 7:14, the prophet delivers what seems to be a dual prophecy, one that was fulfilled symbolically 2700 years ago, and one that was fulfilled literally with the birth of Jesus. The symbolic part of the prophecy correctly stated that a political alliance that threatened Jewish sovereignty would fail in a short amount of time. That amount of time was defined as the amount of time that it takes for a child to learn right from wrong. This prophecy had a second meaning, that there would be a male Child born of a virgin, Who would be referred to as "Immanuel," which means, "God with us." According to God's own testimony in the New Testament, Jesus was born of the virgin Mary. Joseph, the espoused (promised) husband of Mary, was told the Child Mary carried was conceived of the Holy Spirit, not of man and immorality. (Matt.1:18-25) Joseph believed the Word of God that he was given. As the legal and appointed guardian of the Child, Joseph was directed to name the Child, Jesus (Savior). Because He was God in the flesh, Jesus is literally Immanuel, "God with us." (John 1:1, 14, 1 Tim. 3:16)
4. The Messiah would be born in Bethlehem.
Prophecy: Old Testament: Micah 5:2 (Written: between 750-686 BC)
"But you, Bethlehem Ephrathah, though you are small among the clans of Judah, out of you will come for me one who will be ruler over Israel, whose origins are from of old, from ancient times." There were three Bethlehems in Israel. God specified which one would be the birthplace of the Messiah. (Gen. 35:19, Ruth 1:2)
Fulfilled:Matthew 2:1 Now after Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judea in the days of Herod the king,...
Luke 2:1-11 Angels announce the arrival of the Messiah/Christ. Shepherds go see the Messiah Who has come.
5. The Messiah would come from the tribe of Judah.
Prophecy: Old Testament: spoken by Jacob, grandson of Abraham in Genesis 49:10 (Written: 1400 BC)
"The scepter shall not depart from Judah, nor a lawgiver from between his feet, until Shiloh come; and unto him shall the gathering of the people be."
Fulfilled: This is a reference to Jesus Christ Who will establish an everlasting kingdom in the future. Jesus was born about 2000 years after Jacob died. Jesus' ancestry is traced back to Jacob's son, Judah, in Luke 3:23-34 (Mary's genealogy) and in Matthew 1:1-16 (his guardian Joseph’s lineage).
"Gatherings" - Abraham was promised that his descendants (Jews are his descendants in the physical; Christians are his descendants in the spiritual realm) would be as numerous as the dust of the earth and the stars of the sky. (Gen 13:16, 15:5, 22:17, Gal. 3:14, 16, 29, Rom 4:11) Today some estimates claim there are billions of Christians worldwide.
6. The Messiah would be the foundation Stone of God's temple.
Isaiah 28:16 Therefore thus says the Lord GOD: “Behold, I lay in Zion a stone for a foundation, A tried stone, a precious cornerstone, a sure foundation;
Isa 8:14 Sanctify the LORD of hosts himself; and let him be your fear, and let him be your dread. And he shall be for a sanctuary; but for a stone of stumbling and for a rock of offence to both the houses of Israel, for a gin and for a snare to the inhabitants of Jerusalem. And many among them shall stumble, and fall, and be broken,
Ps 118:22 The stone which the builders refused is become the head stone of the corner. This is the LORD’S doing; it is marvelous in our eyes.
Zech 10:4 Out of Him (God and the tribe of Judah) came forth the Corner...
Mt 21:42-44 Jesus saith unto them, Did ye never read in the scriptures, The stone which the builders rejected, the same is become the head of the corner: this is the Lord’s doing, and it is marvelous in our eyes?
Rom 9:31-33 Israel, which followed after the law of righteousness, hath not attained to the law of righteousness. Wherefore? Because they sought it not by faith, but as it were by the works of the law. For they stumbled at that stumbling stone; As it is written, Behold, I lay in Sion a stumblingstone and rock of offence: and whosoever believeth on him shall not be ashamed.
1 Peter 2:4-8 To whom coming, as unto a living stone, disallowed indeed of men, but chosen of God, and precious, Ye also, as lively stones, are built up a spiritual house, an holy priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacrifices, acceptable to God by Jesus Christ. Wherefore also it is contained in the scripture, Behold, I lay in Sion a chief corner stone, elect, precious: and he that believeth on him shall not be confounded.
Unto you therefore which believe he is precious: but unto them which be disobedient, the stone which the builders disallowed, the same is made the head of the corner, And a stone of stumbling, and a rock of offence, even to them which stumble at the word, being disobedient:
Acts 4:10-12 Be it known unto you all, and to all the people of Israel, that by the name of Jesus Christ of Nazareth, whom ye crucified, whom God raised from the dead, even by him doth this man stand here before you whole. This is the stone which was set at nought of you builders, which is become the head of the corner. Neither is there salvation in any other: for there is none other name under heaven given among men, whereby we must be saved.
7. Isaiah foreshadowed the ministry of Jesus.
Prophecy: Old Testament: Isaiah 61:1-2 (Written: between 701-681 BC)
The Spirit of the Sovereign LORD is on me, because the LORD has anointed me to preach good news to the poor. He has sent me to bind up the brokenhearted, to proclaim freedom for the captives and release from darkness for the prisoners to proclaim the year of the Lord's favor and the day of vengeance of our God, to comfort all who mourn,”
Fulfilled: New Testament: About 27 AD: In Isaiah 61, there are passages that speak of an anointed one who preaches the good news to the poor, frees the people who are imprisoned, heals the blind and releases the oppressed. About 700 years after the time of Isaiah, Jesus relates these Bible passages to Himself:
Jesus returned to Galilee in the power of the Spirit, and news about him spread through the whole countryside.
He taught in their synagogues, and everyone praised him. He went to Nazareth , where he had been brought up, and on the Sabbath day he went into the synagogue, as was his custom. And he stood up to read. The scroll of the prophet Isaiah was handed to him. Unrolling it, he found the place where it is written:” The Spirit of the Lord is on me, because he has anointed me to preach good news to the poor. He has sent me to proclaim freedom for the prisoners and recovery of sight for the blind, to release the oppressed, to proclaim the year of the Lord's favor.” Then he rolled up the scroll, gave it back to the attendant and sat down. The eyes of everyone in the synagogue were fastened on him, and he began by saying to them, "Today this scripture is fulfilled in your hearing."
At this point during the ministry of Jesus, he had already been preaching the good news to the poor and he had already healed many people of various afflictions, including blindness, both in a physical sense and in a spiritual sense.
Yet Jesus had not yet begun the other part of his mission, which includes a "day of vengeance," which Bible scholar John Gill explains as "the day of vengeance of our God; when vengeance was taken on sin, in the person of Christ; when He destroyed the works of the devil, …and Who will take vengeance on antichrist” at His (second) coming, “and upon all the wicked at the day of judgment."
With this in mind, it is interesting that Jesus was led by the Holy Spirit to stop reading Isaiah 61 midway through verse 2, immediately before the mention of a "day of vengeance."